In the early and mid seventies, fish was regarded as no man’s food. Towards the end of the 70s it graduated into poor man’s food. Those who were used to eating fish up to the mid 80s were regarded as poor people who could not buy meat. With economic downturn informed by global oil glut, more people turned over to fish and today fish is regarded as a delicacy on the part of consumers.
Fish is known to contain higher percentage of protein than meat. It is also safer to consume fish since it is less likely to contain infestation that is common with meat e.g. cow meat, pork, dog meat, goat meat, beef, suya etc. According to the FAO, fish contains as much as 60 percent fish class protein on a dry matter basis.
Apart from its richness in vitamins, it also contains some quantities of calcium, phosphorus, fats and other nutrients needed for human growth and health. It is believed that fish is more nutritious than meat. In addition to these facts, it is free from cultural and religious taboos.
Going into fish farming involves the followings:
Step One: Planning
Here, one has to determine, whether one wants to go into a big or small-scale commercial venture. Secondly, the pond system to adopt, whether flow-through system, recirculatory system, earthen pond or concrete pond or both.
Step Two: Land
This is very important. One has to acquire at least half plot of land in a suitable location. This means, you must consider good access road, closeness to market and labour. If land is already available, it is good. Then we apportion it as follows: one: location of ponds. Two: location of farm house. Three: location of water supply and lastly, location of drainage facility. The last point is very important, as you don’t drain your water to constitute public nuisance.
Step Three: Water Supply Source
The best water for fish farming is from bore hole. One or two must be sunk to guarantee steady water supply. Overhead tanks for holding water should also be installed. The mechanism for pumping of water must have back up facility. The system must not fail.
Step Four: Pond Construction
It is advisable to engage the service of a consultant. The success or failure of this project depends largely on construction of standard ponds that can stand the test of time. Common cause of failure in fish farming is as follows: over stocking, poor quality feed, water pollution and bad specie of fish fingerlings.
Our organization, JOVANA FARMS is expert in this area. If you don’t have substantial capital we know how you can improvise.
Nigeria’s economic recovery programmes have necessitated a radical shift from dependence on government for job to self employment. One such attractive area for self employment is fish farming. It is great money-spinning business that can provide a substantial source of income or protein to complement Nigeria carbohydrate meals.
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